The Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro
May 3rd to 5th 1811.
With Massena out of Portugal, Wellington set to recapture Almeida but Massena wasn't finished. Having re-equipped his army with extraordinary rapidity he marched towards Almeida.
Wellington took position at the village of Fuentes de Oñoro, just inside Spain, to block this advance.
Fighting started on the 3rd with a French attack on the village itself. This was defeated after hard fighting.
Two days later, the French launched an attack led by their cavalry across the flatter ground to the south and also attacked the village again. This was again defeated although the southern attack was nearly successful. The 7th Division, supported by the Light Division, had to mount a fighting withdrawal, marching in square because of the presence of the French cavalry, which outnumbered the British cavalry.
The stream to the east of the village. The French had to cross this.
These photos were taken at the same time of year as the battle.
Note: this is the old village, to the north of the new one.
Scenes in the old village.
Everything west of the church is new.
The area of the attack on the 5th, near Poço Velho (in Portugal).