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Waterloo > Alllied Army

The British and Allied Army

As can be seen from the figures below, the army that Wellington commanded was only just over a third British. Other troops (KGL and Brunswick) were long term allies while others came from nations that had, only a year earlier, been part of the French Empire. Some of the senior commanders of those troops had been promoted and enobled by Napoleon. In spite of this, on the whole, they served Wellington well.
The numbers and organisation chart below only includes units who were at Waterloo. Nearly 18,000 men were stationed at Hal, to the west, to guard against an outflanking move.

Strengths by nationality

British
Infantry: 25.5 battalions (30% of all infantry) battalions.
Cavalry: 16 regiments, 45 squadrons (49% of cavalry squadrons).
Artillery: 8 Troops RHA and 5 Brigades RFA (77 guns, 49% of total).

King's German Legion (KGL )
(Originated with members of the Hanoverian army who had fled to Britain. They were equipped and organised as the British army.)
Infantry: 8 battalions (9.5% of total infantry).
Cavalry: 4 regiments, 16 squadrons (17% of cavalry squadrons).
Artillery: 2 horse batteries, 1 foot battery (18 guns, 11.5% of total artillery).

Nassau
(Under the same ruler, William of Orange, as the Netherlands)
Infantry: 8.5 battalions (10% of total infantry).
Cavalry: nil.
Artillery: nil.

Brunswick
(Raised by the anti-French Duke of Brunswick)
Infantry: 8 battalions (9.5% of total infantry).
Cavalry: 1 regiment, plus a squadron, total 5 squadrons (5% of cavalry squadrons).
Artillery: 1 horse, 1 foot battery (16 guns, 10% of artillery).

Hanoverian
(The British King ruled Hanover)
Infantry: 17 battalions (21% of total infantry).
Cavalry: 1 regiment, 4 squadrons (4% of cavalry squadrons).
Artillery: 1 horse, 1 foot battery (12 guns, 7.5% of artillery).

Dutch
Infantry: 13 battalions (15% of total infantry).
Cavalry: 4 regiments, 14 squadrons (15% of cavalry squadrons).
Artillery: 2 horse batteries (16 guns , 10% of artillery).

Belgian
Infantry: 4 battalions (5% of total infantry).
Cavalry: 3 regiments, 9 squadrons (10% of cavalry squadrons).
Artillery: 1 horse battery, 1.25 foot batteries (18 guns, 12% of artillery) .


Overall percentages by nationality
British 36%,
King's German Legion 10%,
Nassau 10%,
Brunswick 8%,
Hanoverian 17%,
Dutch 13%,
Belgian 6%.

In total some 45% of the army spoke German as a first language.

 
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